Trump on Monday lifted a moratorium on federal grazing leases on public lands, reversing years of pressure from the Bureau of Land Management to end the practice.
The move comes as ranchers across the West are fighting a new round of restrictions on their lands.
A week ago, the BLM announced it would allow ranchers to sell off land on public and private lands in some parts of the country to pay for land management projects.
Trump had previously proposed ending the moratorium, but a federal appeals court upheld the move.
In a statement, the Trump administration said it was “pleased to see that the Supreme Court has affirmed the BLM’s decision to lift the moratorium.”
It noted that BLM has a “legitimate need to manage public lands.”
The move is a victory for the Bureau and for ranchers who fought the moratorium.
The BLM had argued the moratorium violated their rights to access private land, which the government was allowed to do under the Antiquities Act.
The agency also said the restrictions violated the right to peaceful assembly.
On Sunday, Trump’s administration said the moratorium was a matter of policy and that it was ending the “one-sided leasing program” and would allow the Bureau to “implement the necessary land-management programs.”
In the statement, BLM said it would work with ranchers “to minimize the impacts of this program.”
“The BLM recognizes that ranchers have a right to access and use public lands,” the agency said.
“This is the right of all American ranchers and all Americans to enjoy, protect, and defend the lands they own, including the land they share with others.”
The decision comes after years of political pressure from ranchers.
BLM’s move came days after Trump signed an executive order to end a rule that requires ranchers in some of the West’s most sensitive and ecologically sensitive areas to obtain permits from the agency.
That move prompted angry backlash from some conservation groups, who claimed it was an attack on public land.
The Bureau of Indian Affairs has also faced criticism from conservation groups and some farmers, who said the BLM had been unfairly targeting them.
BLM issued a statement Monday saying that the BLM “has not and will not change its approach to the BLM-regulated grazing in the West.”
The agency said it will now work with other agencies to implement the land-use plan and to protect the resources and livelihoods of rancher and other Western ranchers, including protecting the environment.
“We continue to be open to working with other interested parties to develop a strategy that can facilitate the safe and effective management of our grazing lands,” BLM said.
The U.S. Department of Interior’s Bureau of Reclamation is overseeing land management on public or private lands on public-use or conservation lands in California and Utah.
The agencies are also working to ensure that land managers and developers are able to meet the goals of the land development programs, which include conservation goals and land use.
The bureau’s mission is to manage and conserve the public lands and waters in the Western U.P., according to its website.
BLM has worked closely with the Bureau for decades, the agency has said.
But in a statement issued Monday, it said the agency had to “take extraordinary measures to meet a changing management climate in the western United States.”